Arms Control System

There is now an opportunity to further reduce illicit arms flows in this region, to monitor and prevent diversion of legal firearms and to help prevent future outbreaks of armed violence.  

Establishing a

National Control System

A national control systems refers to a set of procedures, laws and common definitions, along with specifically identified organisations or individuals to serve as national points of contact. 

The main elements of the national control systems therefore require governments to: 

Identifying gaps

and opportunities 

The main gaps and opportunities for improvement are:

Filling the gaps

Amendments

For a consultation draft law for your state which meets ATT requirements, please contact:

agee@armedviolencereduction.org

In most countries, existing legislation does not adequately address the evolving nature of the global arms trade. For example, arms brokering has become a central component of international arms transactions, creating a host of extra-judicial and trans-boundary issues. Effectively managing the activities of arms brokers is key to ensuring the protection of national security. The majority of existing arms regulations date from the 1960s or earlier and cannot effectively control the weapon trade of the 21st century. Another need is to prevent the diversion of arms to stem the flow of illegal weapons into your region. 

Draft amendments which include standards of the UN small arms Programme of Action will be uploaded in coming months.  

National Control List

Download a draft of the Pacific Model Control List. Feedback on this proposed list is welcome to info@armedviolencereduction.org

It is important for governments to identify and have clarity about the types of arms and ammunition that its security and defence forces use.  Much work has been done to develop expansive definitions of weapons, systems, ammunition, and parts and components. For example, the Wassenaar Arrangement maintains a comprehensive “military list” of definitions of conventional weapons which is periodically updated to stay in line with technological advancements.  For Pacific countries however, these definitions are far more expansive than necessary, as the vast majority of items covered have never been (and are not intended to be) a part of government inventories.  To address this, the government of New Zealand has supported the development of the Pacific Model Control List – which is a streamlined set of descriptions that are more suited to the realities of Pacific governments and their security and defence forces. 

ArmsTracker Software

Many Pacific Island States are installing ArmsTracker software designed in the Pacific for small island and developing states. Prior to ArmsTracker, government agencies in the Pacific had no affordable arms inventory database to comply with international standards. As CAVR sought solutions to this problem we found that bespoke systems can cost upwards of US$1m and demand long-term support costs, human and technological resources. ArmsTracker avoids these costs. Developed by CAVR in Papua New Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire, it offers low-cost, technologically undemanding record-keeping software for small government agencies to track international and national arms transfers (import, export, transit, transshipment, gift, loan, lease or private sales) of any conventional arms or munitions. Fully customisable and modular, this package allows state agencies to specify their own needs during the design phase.

For information about ArmsTracker, see here.

Setting up an interagency coordination team 

The ATT works best with a national coordinating mechanism, a key part of which is an interagency group to coordinate progress in meeting Treaty standards for each stakeholder. This platform enables relevant ministries, departments and agencies (for example defence, police, foreign affairs, customs, immigration, justice, corrections, attorney general’s office, civil society), to meet to discuss and implement arms control issues. Some States already have interagency security or International Humanitarian Law committees which are well suited to ATT coordination.